Labiaplasty is a plastic surgery procedure that is designed to improve function or the aesthetic appearance of the female genitalia. The vagina is made of an inner lip (labia minora) and an outer lip (labia majora). In some women, the labia minora are too large, uneven, or non-symmetrical and can protrude beyond the labia majora. This can cause functional problems or discomfort as well as aesthetic concerns.
In women with functional problems, it can cause chafing and friction with clothes or irritation when exercising. It can also become uncomfortable or interfere with sexual activity.